加拿大代写作业:高校企业收入
ASSIGNMENT代写

加拿大代写作业:高校企业收入

2017-09-20 16:54

大学在中国通过高校企业收入、委托培训和教育服务,研究(程,1995)和咨询顾问和后勤服务(世界银行,1997)。根据世界银行的报告(1997)产生的收入有助于大学在中国高等教育的总收入的3.7%。在上海,50所大学约有700家企业,1992的总收入为Y 10亿。复旦大学的创业活动使总收入增加了2000万,其中Y 200万被投资到了大学(世界银行,1997)。委托培训是增加技能升级需求的一种有效途径,是第二大收入来源,占高等教育总收入的2.3%左右。教育服务提供了约1.1%的总收入。例如,北京大学法律系通过向公共和私营机构的雇员提供短期实施培训课程,从而为他们带来收入。从研究和咨询收入增加了1.3%的收入1992。在全国36所大学的科研收入加起来y1.12亿。此外,后勤服务等经营食堂和宿舍,虽然不是很丰厚,构成了大约0.7%的收入(同上)。根据约翰斯通(1998),大部分的风险,与发展中国家的企业家可以通过确保活动合法化,克服和有明确的规定和管理程序的透明度和效率支持。创业活动,如在中国进行,非洲和墨西哥,不仅受惠的高校通过提高额外的收入,但也受益经济增加响应消费者的需求。
加拿大代写作业:高校企业收入
Universities in China generated income through university enterprises, commissioned training programs and educational services, research (Cheng, 1995) and consultancies and logistic services (World Bank, 1997). According to World Bank's report (1997) revenue generated from universities contribute to around 3.7% of total higher education revenue in China. In Shanghai, 50 universities ran approximately 700 enterprises with the total revenue of Y 1 billion in 1992 alone. Fudan University's entrepreneurial activities raised a total revenue of Y 20 million, out of which Y 2 million was invested back into the university (World Bank, 1997). Commissioned training, an effective way to earn additional revenue due to the rising demand for skill upgrading, was the second largest source of revenue, constituting around 2.3% of total higher education revenue.  Provision of educational services added up to about 1.1% of the total revenue. For example, the Department of Law of Peking University generated revenue by providing short training courses on recently implemented laws to employees belonging to public and private organisations. Income from research and consultancy added up to 1.3% of the revenue in 1992. Income from research in 36 national universities added up to Y1.12 billion. Additionally, logistical services such as running dining halls and hostels, although not highly lucrative, constituted around 0.7% of the revenue (ibid).According to Johnstone (1998), most risks associated with entrepreneurship in developing countries can be overcome by ensuring the activities are legalised and are supported with clear regulations and transparency and efficiency in management and procedures. Entrepreneurial activities, such as those carried out in China, Africa and Mexico, have not only benefitted the universities by raising extra revenue, but also benefitted the economy by increasing responsiveness to consumer needs.