堪培拉论文代写 东京气候经济

2016-12-13 08:19

堪培拉论文代写 东京天气







堪培拉Assignment代写 东京天气

The Kyoto Protocol, an additional provision to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), was signed as the result of the three sessions of the participating States of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change in December, 1997. The objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to stabilize the greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at an appropriate level and to prevent harm to humans caused by dramatic climate changes.

The Kyoto Protocol is the first legal document since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) came into force. And it is the only significant file that provides the obligation for developed countries to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gas. So the Kyoto Protocol plays a really important role in protecting the environment.

However, reaching such an agreement faces great challenges. The first difficulty is the great controversy to the Kyoto Protocol. Among those controversies, doubts on the fact of global warming tend to be the biggest one, because this argument questions the need for the agreement. People in some countries will ask questions as following; does the planet really get warming? Should human take responsibilities for global warming? Is this warming worth worrying about? In addition, a number of countries would not like to sign the agreement because they do not want to risk the economic development by reducing emissions.

The second problem is the attitude of some developed countries. Some of the developed countries would not like to play a leading role in the process; they tend to avoid their responsibilities to reduce emissions. For example, the United States, as the largest industrialized country, ought to have borne the greatest obligation to reduce emission, but it chose not to sign the document, which affected other developed countries to fulfil their obligations. And this problem can be said that always be there, and continues to nowadays. Unfortunately, Canada decided to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol in December, 2011. And this makes it more difficult to reach such an agreement.

The third impediment to reaching such an agreement is the difficulty in accomplishing the reduction objectives. This can be known in the following three aspects. The first one is to extend the deadline of achieving the target of reduction emission from 2000 to 2008. The second one is to decline the emission reduction from 20% to 5%, which is a huge concession. At last, developed countries are thought to reduce emissions through domestic measures, however; market mechanism makes it possible for many industrialized countries to purchase the carbon emission indicators to achieve the emission reduction target. And this kind of action does not solve the problem of global warming.

In summary, comparing with the more consistent understanding in the past years, different views have occurred among developed countries, and their political wills are not strong enough. Without the Protocol, negotiations on international climate would be caught in great confusion. Developed countries should be aware of the seriousness of this problem. It is really hard to reach such a convention, which is the important basis of dealing with the issue of global climate change. Once a consensus is breaking down, it will be more difficult to re-establish a consensus.