ASSIGNMENT代写

History Assignment代写:历史和性别

2017-02-12 00:53

然而,有时可以说,女性的属性在女王的统治时期派上用场。例如,伊丽莎白会用女性比喻对她有利,而在其他的时间操纵男性的特点适合她。而把自己的母亲或妻子的国家,在政治领域,她会坐在她的性取向上篱笆,–政治雌雄同体。Tilbury的演讲或许是这种操纵的男性和女性的性别特征最明显的例子。虽然我们无法确定Tilbury户口是多么的真实,如果我们把它的表面价值伊丽莎白曾说“我知道我的身体只是一个柔弱女子捍卫她的力量和统治;但我有一个国王的心和胃,和一个英国的国王”[ 15 ]。据说伊丽莎白已经从玛丽的错误中吸取了教训,因此在某种程度上,她相信会让公众在“利用她的性别使自己更强大,更能够命令的忠诚,她可能会做如果她是个男人”[ 16 ],并通过这样做,她还是一个比较成功的并长期统治的女王。然而,作为一个女性国王,性别特征的操纵并不是成功的唯一关键。 一个长期而成功的统治,将取决于国王或女王能够担任君主的权力,并能够显示自己的合法性和权威。君主的加冕典礼是一个重大的仪式,用来表示一个新的统治者的到来。一个君主的加冕典礼是“沉浸在中世纪教会礼仪和信仰的逻辑王权[…]依靠广播他们的合法性和神性”[ 17 ]。尽管“国王的两个身体”,这是严重依赖,认为国王的身体和精神身体仍然是分开的。这意味着,即使他是人类的国王死了,精神体王权会转嫁为“象征着他的办公室的威严与神圣的统治权”[ 18 ]。然而,仍然有眼睛的人的“需要在目前的“移情”[ 19 ]的信念。很明显,加冕程序几乎普遍为国王和王后,例行公事之后,尽管君主的性别和同一个拉丁语祈祷和赞美诗唱。在玛丽的第二个议会统治她强制的法规,“ungendered冠宣布女王的权威,国王相同。”[ 20 ]与皇冠ungendered适合男性和女性的统治者。1559伊丽莎白一世加冕“已辨认那些目睹了1458”[ 21 ]她祖父的仪式。两加冕之间的这种相似性表明性别的重视程度不足,在仪式上,因此两者之间的相似性加冕的国王和皇后为尺。然而,在诉讼过程中的这种相似性并不意味着,无论是男性或女性统治者,平等的接受,而日常保持不变的公众和当局的意见可能已经改变。常规的加冕礼是最有可能由于传统和期望,而不是发展到一女王的验收。

History Assignment代写:历史和性别

Yet at times it could be argued that the attributes of females came in handy during a Queen’s time as ruler. For instance, Elizabeth would use the women trope to her advantage while at other times manipulating male traits to suit her case. While portraying herself as mother or wife to the nation, in the political sphere she would sit her sexuality on the fence – a political hermaphrodite. The Tilbury speech is perhaps the most obvious example of this manipulation of both male and female gendered traits. Though we are uncertain of just how truthful the Tilbury account is, if we take it at face value Elizabeth appeared to defend her strength and rulership by claiming “I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too”[15]. It was believed that Elizabeth had learnt from Mary’s mistakes and therefore acted in a way which she believe would please the public while “exploiting her gender to render herself more powerful, more able to command loyalty, than she might have done if she were a man”[16] and through doing this she managed a relatively successful and long reign as Queen. However manipulation of gender traits was not the only key to success as a Female King.

A long and successful reign would rely on the King or Queen being able to hold power as monarch, and to be able to show their legitimacy and authority. The coronation of the monarch was a major ceremony used to show the coming of a new ruler. A Monarch’s coronation was “steeped in liturgy of the medieval church and the devotional logic of kingship […] relied upon for broadcasting their legitimacy and divinity”[17]. It was relied upon heavily despite the ‘King’s two bodies’, the idea that the physical and spiritual body of a king remain separate. This meant that even though the King dies for he is human, the spiritual body of Kingship would be passed on as “a symbol of his office as majesty with the divine right to rule”[18]. Yet there remained in the eyes of the people a “need for and a belief in a moment of ‘transferences’”[19]. Quite significantly, the coronation proceedings were almost universal for both King and Queen, the same routine was followed despite the gender of the monarch and the same Latin prayers and hymns sung. In Mary’s second parliament of reign she enforced a statute that “ungendered the Crown and declared that a queen’s authority was identical to that of a king.”[20] With the crown ungendered it was suited to both male and female rulers. In 1559 the coronation of Elizabeth I would “have been recognisable to those who witnessed her grandfather’s ceremony in 1458”[21]. This similarity between the two coronations shows the lack of emphasis on gender during the ceremony and therefore the similarity between coronation for both King and Queen as ruler. This similarity in proceedings does not mean, however, that there was equal acceptance for either Male or Female ruler, while routine stays the same the opinion of the public and of the authorities may have changed. Routine coronation was most probably due to tradition and expectation rather than a progression to the acceptance of a Female King.
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